Shenzen, a city in the south of China with a population of 17.5 million people, has officially allowed autonomous vehicles on the road. This is, however, based on strict rules regarding vehicles and safety.
The ‘Standing Committee of the Seventh Shenzhen Municipal People’s Congress’ has issued guidelines for the acceptance of autonomous vehicles on the public roads. They describe several categories of “intelligent networked vehicle”, a vehicle that can be operated safely on the road by an automatic driving system instead of a human being, including three types of conditional automatic driving, highly automatic driving and fully automatic driving.
Conditional automatic driving means the automatic driving system can complete the dynamic driving task under the designed operating conditions. When the automatic driving system makes a dynamic driving task takeover request, the driver should respond to the request and immediately take over the vehicle.
Highly automatic driving means that the automatic driving system can complete all dynamic driving tasks under the designed operating conditions. When the automatic driving system makes a dynamic driving task takeover request under a specific environment, the driver should respond to the request and immediately take over the vehicle.
Fully automatic driving means that the automatic driving system can complete all the dynamic driving tasks in the road environment that the driver can complete without manual operation. A fully autonomous intelligent connected car may not have a manual driving mode and corresponding devices, and may not be equipped with a driver. However, fully self-driving ICVs without drivers can only drive in the areas and road sections demarcated by the traffic management department of the municipal public security organ.
Drivers of intelligent networked vehicles have to master and standardize the use of automatic driving functions in accordance with road traffic regulations and the requirements of the vehicle instruction manual.
When a conditionally autonomous and highly autonomous ICV is driving in the autonomous driving mode, the driver should be in the driving seat of the vehicle, monitor the vehicle’s operating status and surrounding environment, and be ready to take over the vehicle at any time; the ICV sends a takeover request. In a state that is not suitable for autonomous driving, the driver should immediately take over the vehicle.
A fully self-driving ICV without a driver must be capable of turning on hazard warning lights, driving to a place that does not obstruct traffic, or taking measures to reduce speed, remote takeover and other functions that effectively reduce operational risk measures.
Manufacturers of ICV products must configure the vehicle with an external indicator light in the automatic driving mode, and the ICV shall turn on the external indicator light when driving in the automatic driving mode, and send a clear signal to other vehicles and pedestrians on the road. safety tips.
ICVs used for road transportation business activities shall use prominent signs for safety prompts; those used for passenger transport by public transport shall also play voice prompts inside the vehicle.
The in-vehicle equipment of the intelligent networked vehicle shall record and store data such as the position, operating status, driving mode, and monitoring video inside and outside the vehicle at least 90 seconds before the accident or failure of the vehicle, and maintain the continuity and integrity of the data . The data storage period specified in the preceding paragraph shall not be less than 30 days.