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Research: Metaverse could contribute 2.8% to global GDP in its first decade

The contribution to GDP in 2031 from the metaverse could be $3 trillion if adoption begins in 2022, according to economists from Analysis Group

by Pieter Werner

Economic experts at Analysis Group, an international economics consulting firm, released a report suggesting that if metaverse adoption and impact evolves similarly to mobile technology, it could contribute 2.8% to global gross domestic product (GDP) in the 10th year after adoption begins.

If started in 2022, adoption of the metaverse over the next 10 years could lead to a $3-trillion contribution to global GDP in 2031. Like mobile technology, the metaverse is expected to have far-reaching applications, with the potential to transform a wide range of economic sectors such as education, health care, manufacturing, job training, communications, entertainment, and retail.

The analysis, The Potential Global Economic Impact of the Metaverse, adapts research on previous breakthrough technologies to draw inferences about the potential adoption process and economic impact of the metaverse. The metaverse, which is still in its formative stages, is envisioned to comprise an expansive network of digital spaces enabled by developing technologies such as augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR), and mixed reality (MR).

The analysis centers on measuring the potential economic impact of the metaverse if it were to evolve like prior successful technologies in terms of the rate of adoption by users and the impact on GDP. The researchers selected mobile technology as an appropriate analog because of similarities to the metaverse in the way it combined existing and nascent innovations to fundamentally alter global technological and economic landscapes.

The team drew from academic literature on the development cycles for innovative technologies and on publicly available data for the deployment and adoption of mobile technology over a number of years to assess direct, indirect, and catalytic or stimulative impacts. These factors are important for GDP, including job creation, business growth, and economic development.

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